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Robert A. Kehoe Archival Collection

 Collection
Identifier: WC-RK-2012

Scope and Content

This is the collection of the professional documents, research projects and case studies of renowned occupational health expert Dr. Robert Arthur Kehoe. The collection encompasses his roles as director of the University of Cincinnati Kettering Laboratory and medical director for Ethyl Corporation. The collection encompasses a wide range of topics pertinent to Dr. Kehoe, his contributions to occupational health research and practice, and his relationship with the medical, military, and international communitites.

Series I, Professional consists of documents related to the role of director of the laboratory. Included in this series are the conferences and seminars along with policies of the research facility from 1926-1983. The series is divided into two subseries. Subseries IA, Associations and Committees contains materials on the various groups of which he was a member. The date span for this subseries is 1930-1983. Subseries IB, Correspondence is an assortment of letters received from doctors, corporations and community leaders. The span date for this subseries is 1926-1978. Of special note for this series are the Cold War era Civil Defense papers and letters from military medicine, Frigidaire and Wrigley.

Series II, University of Cincinnati/Kettering Laboratory, the largest series in the collection, houses all of the papers for the research facility. Included in the series is the information on the building, research contracts and grants from 1921-1980. The series is divided into seven subseries. Subseries IIA, Research Projects and Studies houses all of the experiments, research projects and corporate studies conducted by Kettering Laboratory under the observation of Kehoe as director. The date span for this subseries is 1921-1970. Subseries IIB, Complaints, holds the documents for workers which filed grievances against their employers for potential lead poisonings and other occupational health ailments. The date span for this subseries is 1932-1954. Subseries IIC, Consultations, contain summaries on visits to organizations which requested a site visit from Dr. Kehoe. The date span for this subseries is 1933-1968. Subseries IID, Donora, Pennsylvania, holds the information abou the air pollution disaster. The date span for this subseries is 1948-1951. Subseries IIE, Air and Water Pollution, houses the projects conducted on air and water pollution, especially the rise of smog in Los Angeles, California. The date span for this subseries is 1941-1968. Subseries IIF, Medical Records, holds the medical history examinations for the studies he conducted. Due to medical history regulations, these are restricted from viewing. The span date for this series is 1926-1957. Subseries IIG, Children, is the final one for this grouping. In this subseries are the documents on how lead affects the youth. The date span for this subseries is 1926-1965. Series III, Case Studies, is the second largest in the collection and holds the documents on the experiments completed by Kettering Laboratory from 1924-1975. The series is divided into three subseries. Subseries IIIA, Animal Cases, contains the papers on a few of the experiments conducted with animals. The span dates for this series is 1926-1960. Subseries IIIB, Lead Inhalation Study, is the largest of the subseries and holds the papers of the four decades which the laborartory conducted a study on how human beings intake lead by breathing. The span dates for this subseries is 1932-1971. Subseries IIIC, Charts and Graphs, houses the statisitical information for the series. The date span for this subseries is 1933-1970.

Series IV, Ethyl Corporation, is another significant series for Kehoe. It houses the documents he received as his role of medical director, then consultant for the organization from 1923-1983. This series is divided into four subseries. Subseries IVA, Mixing Plant Installation Inspection Reports and Directors are the forms, some with photographs, for the mixing plants worldwide along with corresponce with the medcial personnel stationed at the facilities. The date span for this subseries is 1934-1950. Subseries IVB, Warning Signs, holds the warning and precaution signs for mixing plants, gasoline stations, garages, etc. in multiple languages. The span date for this series is 1934-1947. Subseries IVC, Publications, contains report, booklets, pamphlets and manuals. The span dates for this subseries is 1923-1983. The last subseries, Sub-Series IVD: E. I. DuPont de Nemours, houses the documents which intertwine the two organizations. The date span for this series is 1926-1968.

Series V, Legal Cases, contains the lawsuits in which Kehoe was either an expert or as a witness on behalf of the defendant. The date span for this series is 1928-1980.

Series VI, Institute of Industrial Health, houses the papers on the creation and the newsletters for the Council of Industrial Health. Kehoe’s work during the 1920s spawned the need for the University of Cincinnati to create a separate Industrial Health Degree program. The span date for this series is 1930-1970

Series VII, Publications, hold the writings of Kehoe along with those on occupational health. Of special interest are the unpublished reports on studies conducted by the Kettering Laboratory from the 1930s-1950s. The date span for this series is 1919-1983

Series VIII, Awards/Certificates/Honors, the span date for this series is 1918-1978. Of note are the international awards.

Series IX, Photographs, the span date for this series is 1920-1969. Of interest are the photographs of the Kettering Laboratory van taking air samples around Cincinnati for the Tri-Cities Study.

Series X, Realia, is the smallest series in the collection. The date span for this series is unknown.

Series XI, Personal, contains the documents on the non-professional side of Dr. Kehoe. Of interest in this series is the travel guides and maps from the 1920s-1950s. The span date for this series is 1893-1983.

Dates

  • 1893-1983

Creator

Language of Materials

The records are in English

Conditions Governing Access

There are no restrictions on accessing material in this collection.

Conditions Governing Use

Some parts of this collection are marked "restricted" and highlighted in red. These contain protected health information which cannot be published. For more information about Winkler Center policies on restricted materials and our redaction process, please contact the Winkler Center.

Biography of Robert A. Kehoe

Robet Arthur Kehoe was born on Nov. 10, 1893 to Jeremiah and Jessie (nee Jones) at Georgetown, Ohio. After graduating from high school, he started his college years at The Ohio State University, staying there only a year before getting transferred to University of Cincinnati in Sept. 1915. Kehoe took a hiatus, during whcih he served in the United States Army in World War I. On June 11 1920 he married Lucile Marshall and their only daughter, Kathleen, was born in 1921. He received his medical degree from the University of Cincinnati in 1920, completed his residency in pathology at Cincinnati General Hospital, where he worked as a pathologist at Cincinnati General Hospital, then at Jewish Hospital until 1924. In 1925 the Ethyl Corporation, the manufacturer of the tetraethyl lead anti-knockcompound, hired Kehoe to be their medical director. Over the next five decades he divided his time at Ethyl Corporation and at the University of Cincinnati as an associate professor of physiology. In 1930, he founded the UC Kettering Laboratory of Applied Physiology, the first university -based laboratory devoted to toxicological problems peculiar to industry, becoming the director until his formal retirement in 1964 and continued as consultant for another eight years. He became Professor Emeritus of Occupational Medicine at UC upon his retirement. Kehoe served in the Physiology Dept. at University of Cincinnati, as well as the Department of Occupational Medicine, Preventive Medicine, and Industrial Health during the course of his career. Best known for his support of the anti-knock addictive for car and plane fuel and the ‘Kehoe Paradigm’, he had a major medical condition in 1972. The condition made him realize he need to start removing himself from the professional world, completely withdrawing in 1979. His wife Lucile preceeded him in death, passing away in 1984. Kehoe would pass eight years later in 1992.

Extent

101 boxes ; 116.7 Linear Feet

Abstract

This is the collection of the professional documents, research projects and case studies of renowned occupational health expert Dr. Robert Arthur Kehoe. The collection encompasses Dr. Kehoe’s roles as director of the University of Cincinnati Kettering Laboratory and medical director for Ethyl Corporation. The collection comprises research on lead, air and water pollution, aliuminum and occupational health safety and his relationships with a multitude of corporations from the Owens-Illinois Glass Company, Lowe Brothers Company, B. F. Goodrich and United State Atomic Energy Commission to name a few.

Statement of Arrangement

This collection is arranged into eight series and 17 sub-series.

Series I: Professional 1926-1983, Undated Sub-Series IA: Associations and Committees Sub-Series IB: Correspondence Series II: University of Cincinnati/Kettering Laboratory 1921-1980, Undated Sub-Series IIA: Research Projects and Studies Sub-Series IIB: Complaints Sub-Series IIC: Consultations Sub-Series IID: Donora, Pennsylvania Sub-Series IIE: Air and Water Pollution Sub-Series IIF: Medical Records (RESTRICTED) Sub-Series IIG: Children Series III: Case Studies 1924-1975, Undated Sub-Series IIIA: Animal Cases Sub-Series IIIB: Lead Inhalation Study Sub-Series IIIC: Charts and Graphs Series IV: Ethyl Corporation 1923-1983, Undated Sub-Series IVA: Mixing Plant Installation Inspection Reports and Directors Sub-Series IVB: Warning Signs Sub-Series IVC: Publications Sub-Series IVD: E. I. DuPont de Nemours Series V: Legal Cases 1928-1980 Series VI: Institute of Industrial Health 1930-1970, Undated Series VII: Publications 1919-1983, Undated Series VIII: Awards/Certificates/Honors 1918-1978, Undated Series IX: Photographs 1920-1969, Undated Series X: Realia Undated Series XI: Personal 1893-1983, Undated

Related Materials

Ethyl Corporation Records at the American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming.
Title
Guide to the Robert A. Kehoe Archival Collection
Status
Edited Full Draft
Author
Finding aid prepared by Nina Herzog
Date
2017
Language of description
English
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English

Repository Details

Part of the University of Cincinnati, Health Sciences Library, Henry R. Winkler Center for the History of the Health Professions Repository

Contact:
Donald C. Harrison Health Sciences Library
231 Albert Sabin Way
Cincinnati Ohio 45267-0574
513-558-5120